Do you know what India is famous for?
India is famous for its festivals, Hindi film industry, diverse culture, different languages and religion, spicy flavored food, spiritual connection, historical mathematician, and incredible architecture.
Zero, Pi, chess, algebra, shampoo, yoga, Ayurveda, Sanskrit, Fibonacci number, optical fiber, plastic surgery, binary system, etc. were invented in India.
Today, we are going to talk about the historical monuments of India. Historical monuments represent our culture, fantastic architecture, and a lot of history. These historical places are a symbol of our efforts, talented architect, and skilled laborers.
The most famous historical places in India are:
1. Taj Mahal
I am pretty sure that you expected the Taj Mahal on no 1 in this list. Taj Mahal is one of the Seven Wonders of the World. It was built by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahn in the 17th Century for his wife Late Mumtaz to express his love. Taj Mahal is considered as the symbol of true love.
The architecture style of the Taj Mahal id in Mughal architecture and the dome is in Persian form. It was entirely constructed with white marble and took 17 years for completion. It is built in the city of Agra in Uttar Pradesh.
2. Qutab Minar
The first story of Qutab Minar was built in 1199 by the founder of Delhi Sultanate, and further three stories made by Shamsuddin Iltutmish. But the lightning strike destroyed the top story in 1369. Firoz Shah Tughlaq removed the damaged one and added a new story. Sher Shah Suri finished this tomb by providing the entrance to it. So it was started to built by the Sultans and completed by the Mughals. It developed in the Mehrauli part of the Delhi.
Qutab Minar was the inspiration of the Chand Minar and Mini Qutab Minar.
3. Ajanta Caves
The Ajanta Caves built in the city of Aurangabad, Maharashtra. Ajanta is a Buddhist cave which was the collection of 29 caves of a temple built around a horseshoe-shaped mountain. This cave is the symbol of Buddhist architecture, sculpture, and cave paintings. The ceiling has pictures that describe the past lives and rebirth of Buddha and their rituals.
It is one of the most famous UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India.
4. Hawa Mahal
Hawa Mahal is also known as “Palace Of The Winds” located in the Jaipur city of Rajasthan. Maharaja Swami Pratap Singh built this masterpiece five-story building with red and pink sandstone in the Kacchwaha Rajput dynasty. It has 953 beautifully carved windows.
Hawa Mahal is famous for its windows or ‘Jharokhas’ which provide the free circulation of air in the building. It is built for the women of royal families so that she could take a view of everyday life through the window as they never appeared in public.
5. Humayun Tomb
Humayun Tomb is also known as the “dormitory of the Mughal’s”. It is located in the Eastern part of Delhi. It is built by the widow Hamida Banu Begum in 1572, after the nine years of the death of her husband, Humayun.
It is the first historic monument built by the Mughal architecture with octagonal shape from outside and square from the inside. The tomb is made of yellow and black marble while the building is made of red sandstone. The height of this famous Indian monument is 47 meters.
6. Konark Sun Temple
Konark Sun Temple built in the city of Konark, Odhisha. It is devoted to the Sun God. King Narasimha Deva built the temple in the 13th Century. It was made to honor Surya, the Sun God, as God cured leprosy.
The sculpture includes the apsara, animals, aquatic creatures, birds, geometric patterns, plant motifs, and legendary creatures. It also contains the musicians and sculptures of Hindu deities like Durga, Vishnu, and Shiva.
This temple provides a deep meaning in life. The entrance of the temple has two lions on both sides. Each lion is destroying an elephant, and the human being is shown under the elephant. Lion depicts for pride and elephant depicts for money. The entire picture shows how money and pride crush a human being.
7. Victoria Memorial
Victoria Memorial is one of the famous historical buildings in Kolkata. It is built to dedicate the memory of Queen Victoria who was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain. The architecture is the blend of British architecture and the Mughal architecture. On the top of the dome, there is a statue of the angel playing with trumpet, called s the “Angel of Victory.”
There are 25 galleries in the Victoria Memorial. The galleries include The royal Gallery, The Calcutta Gallery, The Sculpture Gallery, The Portrait Gallery, The Durbar Hall Gallery, The Entrance Hall Gallery, The Queens Hall Gallery, etc.
For building the Victoria Memorial, the entire country of India was founded. The British Government also partly funded to construct this historical monument.
8. Vivekananda Rock Memorial
Vivekananda Rock Memorial is built in 1970 in honor of Swami Vivekananda who had to inform about the rock. Goddess Kumari did tapas on that rock in the devotion of Lord Shiva. It is built in the Kanyakumari, Tamil Nadu The Lakshadweep sea surrounded the rock. A Thiruvalluvar statue is located near to the Vivekananda Rock Memorial.
Historical monuments represent history, unique architecture, cultural significance, economic value, and heritage. We have the responsibility to preserve them to promote the diverse culture and history.